This Area of Practice includes the study of past human lifeway patterns and development through the physical remains (e.g., artifacts and features such as pits and middens) and non-physical aspects (social, cultural, linguistic) of activity. Included is the study of these remains, both with or without the aid of historical documentation, in an effort to learn about past cultures, understand how they change through time, and apply that knowledge to current or future cultural problems or concerns. This Area of Practice includes locating and recording archaeological resources without physically removing them from their context, or removing them in a systematic way, if required.
This Area of Practice involves selecting, preserving, managing and making available the original records and documents that chronicle the development of public and private organizations and agencies. This includes providing advice on the principles of archival science and administration, and archival research skills and their multi-discipline research applications.
This Area of Practice involves developing an understanding of, advising on or managing the conservation of built heritage in accordance with established conservation principles and statutory, regulatory and policy guidance. Responsibilities may consist of the interpretation and compliance with official community plans, district/neighbourhood plans, special area plans or conservation area plans at various government levels. It includes the provision of advice to private and public parties regarding the planning and development of built, natural and cultural resources including individual landmarks, historic districts, National Historic Sites, Heritage Corridors, streetscapes, urban form, and Main Street Revitalization. Services can include assessing impacts on the historic built environment and providing conservation recommendations that involve consideration of heritage significance, integrity, settings, form and fabric. This Area of Practice may encompass varying aspects of architecture, urban design, engineering, building science, building systems, building enclosure issues, construction techniques, and the preparation, interpretation and analysis of as-found documentation to inform planning and design within the restoration, preservation and rehabilitation treatments for historic places. Included in this Area of Practice is the provision of technical advice and potential alternative approaches that are grounded in conservation principles while taking into account current planning and code requirements. This Area of Practice may also include reviewing the proposed work of crafts and trades persons and undertaking site reviews of work-in-progress, substantial completion, deficiency identification and project close-out.
This Area of Practice encompasses understanding materials, objects, art works, and immovable cultural properties such as buildings, monuments, outdoor sculptures and heritage sites. Included are the study of current composition and condition; interactions with interior/exterior environments; assessing treatment options and priorities; implementing material treatments; and monitoring conditions over time. Modifying or upgrading the operating, storage or display conditions may be included for moveable pieces or collections.
This Area of Practice relates primarily to building or building component rehabilitation, restoration, preservation and interpretation. Specialized skills include authentic historic and heritage crafts; condition assessments; conservation advice/practice; restoration and replication; interior finishing; and the teaching of heritage crafts and trades. This area also includes technical support for sourcing/location of specialized heritage materials, project documentation and contract implementation.
The Area of Practice includes a range of other heritage activities of a unique and specialized nature not included in other CAHP Areas of Practice. Other specialists work in allied fields, such as public engagement, that are often parts of a heritage planning or conservation project.
This Area of Practice includes providing asset research and inventorying, market and financial analysis, strategic planning, communication planning, financial strategies and thematic analysis to museums, governmental agencies, art galleries, archives and other heritage or non-heritage institutions.
Heritage related education activities include academic positions at universities and/or specialized heritage institutes, writing, lecturing and chairing active technical committees in the heritage field, and the development of school programs for heritage education.
This Area of Practice captures a range of services provided for provincial and/or federal environmental assessment legislation, including archaeological, built heritage and cultural landscape resource assessment. Work can include built heritage and cultural landscape inventories, policy and guideline development, waste site assessment, wind farm site assessment, linear right-of-way assessments for roads, railways, etc., and mitigation recommendations.
This Area of Practice comprises historical research, analysis and interpretation. Included are studies documenting and assessing the significance of heritage buildings, structures, works and sites in connection with land use planning, or in relation to museum and other heritage facility development projects. Also included are heritage district studies, giving expert testimony before panels and boards, policy and archival assignments, and writing narrative essays of business and community history. Additional work may involve developing scripts, finding locations or identifying suitable archival photographs or illustrations for film, television and print media.
This Area of Practice includes landscape conservation, encompassing natural landscapes of heritage value, historic gardens and historical landscapes and cultural landscapes. Included are master plan reports for landscape conservation, on-site landscape restoration and interpretation, research into historic plantings, and preparation of history plant lists associated with historic properties.
This Area of Practice includes addressing the needs of the museum community from the feasibility, planning and development stage through construction, renovation or rehabilitation. Also included are museum and historic site management, curatorship, collections management and conservation, and interpretive and educational program planning.
This Area of Practice includes the specialized skills needed to document, illustrate and record heritage resources so that heritage professionals can make informed decisions regarding the value and safeguarding of a heritage resource.
This Area of Practice includes formal planning matters related to the designation of land use and the evaluation planning of applications including site analysis and development review in accordance with statutory, regulatory and policy guidance. Responsibilities may consist of official community plan interpretation, review, amendment, and implementation including district/neighbourhood plans, special area plans or conservation area plans. Also included are master planning; neighbourhood/ municipal/regional/territorial/federal and non-profit planning; project and program management; cultural resource management, interpretation, and the provision of advice to private and public parties regarding the planning and development, amendment and implementation of policy, standards, guidelines and best planning practices. Other areas are planning administration, report writing and oral presentations to advisory committees/commissions/councils and other public agencies; legislative review, formulating amendments and implementation; and providing expert testimony at public hearings. This Area of Practice may also comprise strategic planning, marketing, and financial analysis as well as education and promotion to enhance economic capacity, including the administration of incentive programs and heritage tourism development.
This Area of Practice pertains to various levels of government or public or quasi-public agencies. It involves administration, historical research, education, procedure and program development, and provision of advice and assistance concerning the conservation and protection of heritage resources in their respective jurisdictions.